INTERNATIONAL PEACE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (IPRA)
26th IPRA International General Conference on
‘AGENDA FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT:
FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE
November 27th -1st December, 2016
Theme of the Conference: AGENDA FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT: Conflict Prevention, Post-Conflict Transformation, and the Conflict, Disaster and Sustainable Development Debate
Security and Disarmament Commission
Profile: Details to be provided
Security and Disarmament Commission Call for papers: Details to be provided
Established during the Cold War, the Security and Disarmament Commission mainly dealt with military and state security aspects of the Block confrontation (like WMD or arms race) and a search for non-military, civil alternatives (like disarmament and conversion).
Such ‘classics’ will remain on the commission’s agenda. However, a series of other post-Cold War developments that substantially changed the interrelations of ‘Security and Peace’ made it appropriate to extend the former work scope. This regards, firstly, a shift from inter-state to intra-state conflicts; and secondly, the extension of the traditional concept of ‘Security’ from ‘Military/State Security’ to the more comprehensive concept of ‘Human Security’.
The end of the Cold War not only terminated the bipolar world order since WWII. It also deeply changed the local, national and global security landscape. Regional/intra-state, ethnic or religious clashes, regime upheavals and civil wars flared up - starting in Central-Africa and the Balkans, more recently e.g. in the MENA region. Oftentimes they were enabled or reinforced by protracted, unsolved inter-state conflicts (e.g. Afghanistan, Ukraine), political-economical interests (e.g. Iraq, Libya) and/or post-Cold War ‘power vacuums’ (e.g. ex-Yugoslavia, ISIS). ‘New threats’ - such as terrorism or cyber war – added to these developments. Moreover, groundbreaking scientific findings and technological options, civilian as well as military, are impacting the very nature, form and future of (non-)state violence, armed conflicts and war: Robotization, bio-, surveillance- or border security-technologies are just the visible tip of an iceberg. Last not least, not only in the conflict and peace studies society, it has become widely recognized that more and more phenomena, although of a non-military kind, eo ipso should be considered as genuine security threats and therefore addressed, as well – especially when they have military implications. Global warming, climate change and environmental destruction, to mention just these, will increase the already unequal access to food, water or land, reinforcing or triggering forced mass migration, armed conflicts on remaining resources or borders – hence creating a vicious circle of violence. What such novel non-military threats have in common is that no national borders can stop and no military intervention can solve them. On the other hand, such developments effect and may improve our understanding of the complexity of human security, civil development and sustainable global peace; the effective ways to pursue these goals; as well as detecting major impediments which jeopardize achieving them. Both strands beg for integrated, comprehensive and global approaches.
Security and Disarmament Commission Call for Papers
Notably in retrospect, instead of seeing less armament, less military, more peace dividend, more UN- and civilian-based peacekeeping and development, the world has been experiencing the continued violence with hybrid peace at the best, with hardly changed primacy of military before human security - arm in arm with the continued dominance of military before civil-based, unarmed conflict interventions. Both are built on and enabled by unprecedented military expenditure. Compared to that, financial resources for UN- and non-military efforts security, peace and development show a preposterous preponderance.
Hence, here things come full circle: Besides emphasizing the need for a shift in political-mılıtary priories and polıcıes, the shift towards Human Security by systemıc Demilitarization of states, societies, cultures, minds and budgets also shows the way of how to pay for such a shift.
In fact, this is an updated re-introduction 2.0 of an overarching question of Cold War peace studies: How can human security and resilient peace by sustainable development be funded? Which are the conceptual, political and empirical grounds that justify substantial re-allocation of military resources for civilian purposes? What can specifically peace research regarding cost/benefit metrics contribute? [See e.g. Stiglitz & Bilmes (2009); Galtung (2013): Brauer & Dunne (2012); UN 8 Millennium Development Goals 2014 (MDG); The Post 2015 Agenda; Institute for Economics and Peace (2014); Brück (2013): SIPRI (2015); EuPRA /Frauenhofer Gesellschaft (2015), IPB – Disarm 2016].
We are inviting interested participants to send an abstract for presenting a paper, or panel along the above depicted lines- and according to the formal guidelines stated below. We are supportive of addressing overlapping issues in joint sessions with other commissions, where necessary, as we have been doing in the past.
Three types of submissions will be considered: abstracts, individual papers, and panel discussions. Where appropriate, submissions should be written according to a scholarly style manual. The same submission should not be submitted to more than one Commission. Any double submission will be automatically removed from the system. In order to accommodate audio-visual needs, please indicate specific equipment needs during the submission process. Please make the request only if necessary. Student papers should be clearly identified in the header. All submissions should be completed by uploading your completed form into the central submission database on the IPRA 2016 Conference web site. Abstracts or panel proposals should be included in the Application Form but completed papers should be sent as attachments at least two months before the conference. To ensure blind review, ALL NAMES MUST BE REMOVED from the abstracts or panel proposals before they are uploaded in the application form. Any abstract or panel proposal with names or affiliations of the author(s) will be removed from the review process.
For specific details regarding types of submissions see below:
Abstract should include a title and should be between 300 and 500 words addressing the purpose of the research, the goals, methods, and the type of data.
Proposals for panel discussions should include the title of the submission, description of the panel and how it will be conducted, presenters’ names and institutional affiliations, and a 1-2 page panel rationale which explains the justification for the panel. Please also include abstracts from the individual contributors to the panel. Preference will be given to proposals featuring participants from different institutions.
Completed paper submissions due two months before the conference should include a title and a 100-150 word abstract.
For more information about IPRA, the 2016 conference, or to submit a paper or proposal, go to http://iprapeace.org/.
IPRA 2016 CONFERENCE SECRETARIAT
- Senthan Selvarajah -- (Northumbria University, UK)
- Di Luo --(Northumbria University, UK)
- Brima Bah, University of Sierra Leone, SL
IPRA 2016 CONFERENCE BROCHURE EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
- Ibrahim Seaga Shaw—Northumbria University, UK
- Senthan Selvarajah—Northumbria University, UK