About Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone, is situated in west Africa by the Atlantic Ocean. Guinea, in the north and east, and Liberia, in the south, are its neighbours. Mangrove swamps lie along the coast, with wooded hills and a plateau in the interior. The eastern region is mountainous.
Sierra Leone once attracted some 200,000 tourists a year, drawn to the country’s white sandy beaches, azure waters and swaying palms. Sierra Leone in the past has been a tourist destination of exquisite natural beauty and great potential. Despite its lush rainforests, palm-fringed beaches, fascinating history and vibrant culture, the country remains largely unexplored and undiscovered.
Sierra Leone remains one of the friendliest countries on the continent. The smiling people and relaxed vibe are characteristic of this small nation. Wherever you go, and whomever you meet, you’ll be greeted as though you are part of the family.
Sierra Leone is the abundance of wildlife: from chimpanzees, to bountiful birds and exotic insects. It’s also paradise for sun-seekers. Its gorgeous sandy beaches are considered to be some of the best in West Africa.
Freetown is the capital city of Sierra Leone and is surrounded by vegetated hills. Attractions include a 500-year-old cotton tree; the museum; the De Ruyter Stone; Government Wharf and 'King's Yard' (where freed slaves waited to be given land); Fourah Bay College, the oldest university in West Africa; Marcon's Church, built in 1820; and the City Hotel, immortalised in Graham Greene's novel The Heart of the Matter. The King Jimmy Market and the bazaars offer a colourful spectacle and interesting shopping and white sandy beaches, azure waters.
English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Sierra Leone is an extremely poor nation with tremendous inequality in income distribution. While it possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture. Manufacturing consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing for the domestic market.
Alluvial diamond and gold mining remains the major source of hard currency earnings, accounting for nearly half of Sierra Leone's exports. Political stability has led to a revival of economic activity such as the rehabilitation of bauxite and rutile mining.